A

Amalgam

A metal filling containing mercury.
Amalgam is NOT used at our office.

Anesthesia

Medications used to allow the patient to sleep during a medical or dental procedure.

Ankylosis

A tooth that is fused to the surrounding bone. In the case of a baby tooth, it will not exfoliate on its own.

B

Biocompatible

Materials that work with the body and pose no risk of toxicity, harm, or rejection by the immune system.

Bitewing Radiographs

A type of X-ray picture that allows the doctor to see cavities between teeth.

1

Bonding

A resin, tooth-colored dental restorative material placed on the tooth to repair it.

Broken Jaw

A facial injury in which the jawbone (or mandible) is fractured as a result of an accident or trauma.
It is important to seek emergency treatment immediately if you suspect your or your child's jaw is broken.

Bruxism

A fancy name for grinding teeth.

C

Calculus

The hard, mineralized plaque that can’t be removed with normal brushing.

Cavity

Decay in the tooth caused by bacteria, often called carious lesion.

2

CDC

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; a government agency that works to protect public health and safety through disease prevention, environmental and occupational health standards, and more.

Chipped Tooth

When part of a tooth breaks off as a result of trauma or biting down on something hard.

Composite

A tooth-colored restorative material.

D

Dental Equipment

The materials and apparatuses that are used to perform dental –related tasks like checking for cavities and cleaning teeth.

Dry Socket

An inflammation of the tooth socket after extraction, caused by an infection.

3
E

Enamel

The hardest part of teeth, the outer layer.

Endodontist

A dental professional specializing in root canal therapy

Erosion

The wearing down of teeth caused by chemicals and/or acids.

Eruption

A fancy term for new teeth pushing through gums.

Extraction

The process of taking teeth out of the mouth.

4
F

Fixed Appliances

Devices cemented permanently into the mouth.

G

Gingiva

A fancy name for the gums.

Gomphosis

The fibrous connection between bone and teeth.

I

Impacted Tooth

A tooth that is unable to erupt into the mouth through soft tissues. Similarly, a partially erupted tooth does not fully erupt through soft tissues.

Interproximal

This simply refers to the areas between teeth.

5

Intravenous Sedation

Medications for sedation administered through the bloodstream.

L

Lingual Eruption

A sophisticated work just describing the eruption pattern of the lower front four teeth: from the tongue forward.
Often parents see this as teeth growing behind teeth. Most of the time, no treatment is necessary!

M

Malocclusion

Teeth that are improperly aligned against one another.

Mixed Dentition

A set of adolescent teeth, consisting of some adult and some baby teeth.

Molars

Teeth in the back of the mouth that are used most often for chewing. They are less sharp than the teeth in the front of the mouth and shaped more like grindstones.

6

Mouthguard

A tray made to be worn in the mouth to protect teeth against damage, usually for children who play contact sports.

N

Nitrous Oxide

Just another name for laughing gas.

O

Occlusal

This refers to the biting or chewing surfaces of teeth.

Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

A doctor who specializes in surgery of the mouth and jaw.

Oral Health

The practice of keeping the mouth, tongue, teeth, and gums clean and healthy to prevent dental problems like cavities or gingivitis.

7

Orthodontist

A doctor who specializes in braces.

Osseointegration

Bone that is healing around an implant.

P

Palliative

A fancy name for treating pain, though not a definitive treatment.

Pediatric Dentistry

A branch of dentistry dealing with children from birth to teenage years. Pediatric dentists complete four years of dental school along with an additional two years of residency training in dentistry for infants, children, and teens.

Periapical X-Ray

An X-ray that shows the roots and tissues surrounding the roots.

8

Periodontal Abscess

An infection surrounding the root of the tooth identified by bone destruction.

Periodontist

A doctor who specializes in gum and tissues around the tooth.

Permanent Dentition

A set of adult teeth.

Plaque

The soft gunk that you brush away with a toothbrush.

Premolars

Teeth located between the canines (used for biting and tearing foods) and the molars (larger, flatter teeth used for chewing) that look like a combination of both.

9

Primary Dentition

A set of baby teeth.

Prophylaxis

The cleaning of teeth and removal of plaque, calculus, and stains.

Pulp

The blood vessels and nerves in the tooth.

Pulpectomy

The complete removal of the tooth pulp.

Pulpotomy

Partial removal of the tooth pulp, the parts that are sick.

10
R

Radiograph

A fancy term for X-ray.

Removable Appliance

An orthodontic appliance that can be removed and cleaned.

Root Canal Therapy

Cleaning out the diseased or injured portions of the canals in roots of teeth.

S

Save-A-Tooth Solution

A first-aid supplement that helps preserve teeth that have been knocked out for up to 24 hours until you or your child can see a dentist.

Scaling

A fancy name for cleaning teeth and removing stains and calculus.

11

Sealants

The protective material placed on teeth to cover their deep grooves and prevent cavities.

Sedation

Calming the nervous system to a state of deep relaxation through the use of certain child-friendly sedatives to help soothe nervous children and minimize discomfort.

Sores or Ulcers

An open sore in the mouth caused by any number of sources including certain medications, infection, physical abrasion, or others.

Sterilization

A process that kills and removes all forms of bacteria from dental instruments or equipment.

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the tissues of the mouth.

12

Suture

A fancy term for stitches.

T

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint)

The joint that connects the jaw to the rest of the head. TMJ Disorder or TMJ Syndrome refers to inflammation of this joint.

Toothache

Pain around the teeth or jaws usually caused by a dental condition like a cavity.

Torus

A bony bump or elevation in the mouth.

U

Unerupted

A tooth that is still in the making and has not yet emerged from the gums.

13
Please, feel free to browse through the dictionary by clicking or sliding it's pages!





Click on the applicable cities below to get directions to our Scarsdale practice
Bronxville | Eastchester | Larchmont | Hartsdale | Scarsdale | White Plains
Tuckahoe | Rye | Yonkers | Bronx | Mount Vernon | New Rochelle
Croton-on-Hudson
AAPDAAPEAPDAngies List Award